FAIR AND FESTIVALS OF INDIA
India is known as a land of colourful fair and festivals, which are celebrated with high sprit at every portion of India. It is the true showcase of the rich culture and tradition. India is a spectacular mix of people, Culture, traditions and landscapes. It is the home of various religion and communities, hence the large the flow of festivals continues throughout the year. Every Indian festivals and fairs are related with some folklores, mythology, History and seasons etc. Apart from this these festival creates the social harmony and keep the culture and tradition alive. No matter what time of the year you visit India you will find some or other fair or festival being organized. Most of these gala’s or even celebrations are generally prepared to be able to display often the Indian native tradition or even it is technical improvement.
Some of the major fairs and festivals are as per mentions below:-
Independence Day (15 August):-
The celebration of Independence Day is a national festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm and zeal all across India. This national festival celebration to commemorate the day on which India gained freedom from British rule in 15th August 1947.
Republic Day (26 January):-
On 26th January 1950, India became a sovereign and a Republican state, hence this day is celebrated as one of the major national festival of the India.
The main attraction of the day is its Grand Parade which starts from Rajghat along the Vijayapath with different regiments of the navy, army and air force marching also NCC cadets from all over India are also participate in The Parade. Another attraction is Cultural programs presented by school children.
Dussehra is one of popular festival of Hindu religion which celebrates lord Rama’s victory from the evil king Ravana. Thus this festival symbolises the victory of good verse evil. Dussehra falls at the end of the Navaratra. Before Dussehra ‘Ramlila’ happens during the Navaratra, which is re-enactment of Rama’s life, which is featured in Ramayana. During the ‘Ramlila’ songs are sung from RamcharitaManas, a book dedicated to Rama, written by Goswami Tulsidas. On the next day of Navaratra, effigy of Ravana, his brother Kumbhakarana, and his son Meghnath is burned. While this effigy burning can be found though-out Delhi, the one at Ramlila Maidan is very famous, and is also attended by the Prime Minister of India almost every year, and draws a lot of crowd.
After the 18 days of Dussehra, Diwali is celebrated which celebrates the returning of Rama, his wife Sita and his brother Laxaman, in Ayodhya. On this day almost every home is lit with diyas and electric lights and people burn crackers. It is one of the major festival of Hinds.
Ramzan (June – July):-
Ramzaan is most important festival in Islam. There is a daily fasting even without (morning to evening) for the whole month of Ramzaan. During evening there is grand feast with lot of mouth-watering delicacies.
Baisakhi Festival (April):-
Baisakhi is the one of the most important festival of among the Sikhs. The celebration of Baisakhi is very significant in Punjab which is celebrated with full of enthusiasm and devotion which makes it one of the most delightful festival of this region. The Baisakhi Festival is celebrate to commemorate the birth of the KhalsaPanth and the beginning of a new year. This festival celebrates on the first day of the Baisakh month as per Sikh calendar, Nanakshahi every year which comes around April.
Guru Purab or Guru Nanak jayanti (October/November):-
Guru Purab is one of the most important festival of the Sikhs. This is the celebration as the birth anniversary of Sikh’s tenth Guru, Guru Nanak which is also known as Guru Nanak jayanti.
This auspicious occasion is celebrated as per local calendar in the month of Kartik which comes the month of October or November.
Lohri (13th January):-
Lohri is the one of the most impotent festival of Punjab. It celebrates before Makarshankranti festival every year on 13th January. Lohri is basically a Punjabi festival but Haryana is also celebrates it with full of enthusiasm and charm. On this day people make a huge bonfires and throw peanuts, sweets, popcorn and puffed rice into the flames and make circles around the fire, dance and sing the local songs.
Losar Celebration (December or January) :-
Losar festival is known as Ladakhi and Tibetan New Year celebration, which is held every in December or January for two weeks as per lunar calendar. The festival signifies the age old fight between good and evil, and is celebrated by chants warding off evil and fire torches.
Urs Ajmer Sharif (According to Lunar Calendar):-
The fair is held in the memory of the revered Sufi Saint Khawaja Moinuddin Chisti. It is an occasion for thousands of believers to congregate at the shrine and offer their prayers. All of Ajmer seems to take on a festive air and several programmes are organised to mark the festival.
Pushkar Fair, Pushkar (November):-
It is one of the most popular festival of Rajasthan, held every year in November at Pushkar. Pushlar is one of the pilgrimage for Hindus. The main highlights of the event is music, dance, bazaars and local spots.
Desert Festival, Jaisalmer (January-February):-
It is another most famous festivals of Rajasthan. The festival take place every year during the January- February at Jaishalmer desert. The festival is the showcase of the true beauty of the desert along with tradition and culture of Rajasthan. The main highlights are such as sound and light spectacle on a moonlit night, camel dances, camel races, camel polo and camel acrobatics. Along with some competitions are also held during the festival like tug-of-war between musclemen, decorated camel and turban tying competition etc.
AmarnathYatra( End of June – August) :-
It is one of the most impotent pilgrim for Hindu religion. It is organized by government every year during the months of June and July when the area is accessible. Amarnath is located 141 kilometres away from Srinagar. The cave temple site is situated at a height of approximately 12756 feet from the sea level. The Yatra stars from either Pahalgam or Baltal.
Maha Kumbh and Ardh Kumbh:-
Kumbh Mela is one of the largest fairs of the world and it is a month long fair and is attended by millions of pilgrims from all over India as well as the devout from the world over. It is held every three years in a rotation at Haridwar, Allahabad, Ujjain and Nasik as per the traditional calendar during January – February. Hence Maha Kumbh is held after a gap of twelve years in Allahabad due to rotation wher