Golden Temple

One of the several tourist attractions in Punjab, the Golden Temple in Amritsar city known for its religious as well as architectural genius was constructed by Guru Ram Das in the 14th century. Also known as Sri Harmandir Sahib as well as Darbar Sahib, it is considered to be one of the most sacred sites of Sikh religion. Reflecting both Hindu and Muslim styles of design and architecture, it exhibits a large dome made of gold. Its structural brilliance draws the interest of one and all around the world. Located in the heart of the city of Amritsar, the 40.5 square feet Golden Temple stands on a 67 square feet platform amid a square tank. There is a bridge leading to the Golden Temple. With doorways on all four sides, it symbolizes the tolerance of Sikhism – greeting all four religions with

 open arms. The bridge that connects to the temple is linked with the 13 feet broad ‘Pardakshna’ (circumambulatory path). It actually runs round the main temple and it reaches the ‘Har ki Paure’ (steps of God). On the first storey of ‘Har ki Paure’, you can find a continuous reading of Guru Granth Sahib. The main shrine of Sri Harmandir Sahib is a three-storied one. The facade, which faces the bridge, is adorned with continuous cusped arches and the roof of the first floor reaches a height of 26 feet and 9 inches. Atop the first floor a 4 feet high parapet surrounds on all the borders which has also four ‘Mamtees’ on the four sides and precisely on the pinnacle of the central hall of the main sanctuary mounts the third storey which is a small square room with three gates. On the top of this room is the low fluted ‘Gumbaz’ (dome) with lotus petal pattern at the base of an inverted lotus which actually supports the ‘Kalash’ with a strikingly decorative ‘Chhatri’ (umbrella) at the end. Some of the other tourist attractions in Amritsar are the Akal Takhat, Baba Atal, Jallianwala Bagh, Wagah Border, Rambagh Garden, Ram Tirath Temple, Tarn Taran.

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