PUNJAB TOURISM PLACES- Punjab is a standout amongst India’s most lovely states. The exceptionally old Punjabi culture is prestigious for its resistance, dynamic and intelligent way to deal with life. The state is the area of one of the world’s first and most seasoned human advancements – the Indus Valley Civilization. Most importantly, the glow and accommodation of the general population are the primary attractions in this locale. Punjab has numerous things to offer to a fan who needs to investigate it. A portion of the principal urban areas in Punjab is Amritsar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana and Patiala. Punjab has tremendous open transportation organize, which gives phenomenal traveller transportation.
Punjab satisfies the fantasy of an ideal voyager. This north Indian state is an ideal goal for journey visit in the nation. The world’s biggest gurudwara – the Golden Temple is here which pulls in a great many enthusiasts from over the entire world to see its incomparable engineering. Aside from gurudwaras, the land is likewise studded with chronicled landmarks, sanctuaries, places of worship, mosques and various other heavenly altars that stay unexplored.
The travel industry in Punjab is mainly appropriate for the traveller keen on culture, old development, and otherworldliness and epic history. Punjab has a rich history consolidating Sikhism and Hinduism. Alongside the observed Punjabi culture, the illustrious Punjabi castles, noteworthy fights, hallowed places, sanctuaries and instances of Sikh Architecture.
Punjab, the place where there are five streams and coordinated social history, is a fortune trove for an ardent traveller. For this place that is known for incredible Gurus gloats of antiquated landmarks as well as throbs with authentic exemplifications. It is a well-known fact that whoever results in these present circumstances place where there are yellow fields with the Blue Mountains giving the sentimental and pleasant setting has never returned without soaking up the substance of Punjab.
There is no lack of stunning castles, for Punjab was the seat of sovereignty, as the forcing Quila Mubarak will let you know. Exhibition halls in abundance as are the religious spots with the Golden Temple offering aid to the brain and soul of anybody visiting.
On the off chance that you are an untamed life crack, at that point Punjab can take you on a voyage through havens. Which are hot top choices with transitory feathered creatures. Since this State Borders Pakistan, there are two principal posts, from which you can peep into the land that was at one time the essential piece of Punjab and experience the sentiments of the general population isolated by a line.
At present, the travel industry is a quickly growing division in Punjab. Punjab is to be India’s preferred goal by 2019.
PUNJAB TOURISM PLACES
Amritsar-Holy to Sikhs because of the Harmandir Sahib, Amritsar is the cultural capital of the state of Punjab. Hindus also hold the city holy, as it is considered to be where Lord Rama’s wife Sita gave birth to Lava and Kusha, and the Durgiana Temple of the city is dedicated to this event.
The holiest site of Sikhism, the Harmandir Sahib is a major pilgrimage site and attracts even more tourists than the Taj Mahal. The centrepiece of the complex is the beautiful Golden Temple, surrounded by a man-made lake that reflects the intricate and brilliant structure. The surrounding old town is extremely charming as well and provides for an excellent day exploring the history and cultural richness of the Sikh religion and Punjabi culture. It is best attraction in punjab tourism places.
Akal Takht– The heart of temporal authority of the Sikh religion, this Takht is one of five spread across Northern India. The Akal Takht, built by Guru Har Gobind, is an icon of military and political independence, and it was a center of Sikh resistance to the Mughals in the 1600’s and on
The Durgiana Temple is a major Hindu tourist attraction, as well as for non-religious tourists because it resembles Sikh architecture more closely than traditional Hindu temple styles. It is widely visited by scholars for its large library of scripture.
The capital of Punjab, Haryana, and the union territory Chandigarh, the capital city is called “The City Beautiful” for its detailed urban planning and unique architecture. Chandigarh is among the richest cities in India, with a standard of living rivaling many developed countries, including the USA. Built after Independence at the behest of Jawaharlal Nehru, the city is a locus of fine dining, excellent shopping, and modern art.
The largest city of Punjab, Ludhiana is one of the fastest growing cities in northern India. Ludhiana is scattered with relics of its medieval past as a centre of its namesake Lodhi dynasty. Today it is a burgeoning industrial and commercial city with a few sites of note, but is generally ignored by most tourist groups.
aba Gajjuji Thapar Shrine –
A historical religious site built in the 1700’s, the Baba Gajjuji Shrine is dedicated to the many miracles said to be done by the saint of the same name. The shrine has become something of a symbol of the city of Ludhiana, a charismatic reminder of the power of good intentions.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh Fort–
In one of the many small towns surrounding Ludhiana is the Maharaja Ranjit Singh Fort, built by one of the Sikh rulers of the city just before the British Raj. The fort is a beautiful structure, replete with intricate carvings and charming gardens. Historically, during the First War of Indian Independence in 1857, it was the site of a troop rebellion.
One of the former princely cities of the Punjab and centre of Sikh power, Patiala, famous across India for its traditional Sikh dress and hairstyles, and also the “patiala peg”, slang across the subcontinent for doubling-up on an alcoholic beverage, a moniker the city became associated with after a particularly rambunctious Maharaja. The city is neglected by many tour groups, in spite of many of the rich sites in the city and its long and interesting culture and food. The old town in the city has a wealth of forts and mosques for the tourist to explore, and accommodations are cheap, clean, and plentiful.
The massive Qila Mubarak fortress in the city centre is the former home of the rulers of the city. An imposing and intimidating structure, it is not easily missed, and it is an interesting place to explore. Surrounding the fortress are warrens of bazaars, temples, and the city gates.
Moti Bagh Palace–
Now a seat of local sports, the Moti Bagh Palace is a beautiful, expansive building that was the home of the former Maharaja of Patiala. Surrounded by a large Rajastani garden with many canals and paths, it is an idyllic spot for picnicking.
This tomb is a masterwork of Punjabi temple architecture and features some of the most beautiful paintings and frescoes in India. Of particular note are the mirror chambers, a dazzling spectrum of light and reflection.
Behind the Moti Bagh Palace lies the Sheesh Mahal, a large and magnificent structure famous for its mirror chambers, similar to the nearby Rang’s in splendor. The building also houses a museum and large art gallery, and is frequented by locals and tourists alike. It is famous among the Punjab tourism places.
The Qila Andrun is another fort-palace in Patiala, distinguished by the multiple courtyards that make it seem more like ten palaces than one. The building is open for tours and has, like the Rang and Sheesh Mahals, very impressive artisanship demonstrated in its frescoes.
Jalandhar has a long history of change. It has been ruled variously by Muslims, Sikhs, and Hindus off and on for hundreds of years and has a distinct character speaking of its unique circumstances. The city hosts many monuments painstakingly built to commemorate its history, many dating back hundreds of years.
The ancient Tulsi Mandir is a magnificent temple built for the worship of Vrinda, wife of the patro god of Jalandhar, Jalandhar. It is one of the stranger looking temples in India, a truly unique architectural work. Nearby is the also popular temple of Gupha.
Gurdwara Chhevin Padshahi–
A large and beautiful Sikh Gurdwara, Chhevin Padshahi is dedicated to the guru of the same who visited the city hundreds of years ago. It is built on the site where Chhevin Padshahi spoke with Shaikh Darvesh, a Sufi mystic. It is said the Sufi saint blindfolded himself so he could tell vengeful Mughal authorities truthfully that he had never seen the guru.
The Damdama Sahib is just south of Bathinda and is dedicated to the guru Gobing Singh, who retired in the jungle here. His followers later built many gurdwaras here to commemorate the man, and it is a major attraction for the Sikh faithful.
The central fortress of Bathinda, it is one of the most massive fortresses in India, surpassing even the ones of much larger cities such as Lahore and Hanumangarh. It is truly an impressive structure.
Most extreme Temperature – 43.33°C
Least Temperature – 4.44°C
Climatically the state has three noteworthy seasons
The sweltering climate is from April to June when the atmosphere of the fields is too much hot and dry with temperatures as high as 49° C (120° F).
The blustery season is from July to September. The normal precipitation yearly ranges between 96 cms in the sub-mountain area and 58 cms in the fields. More than 70 per cent of the yearly precipitation happens amid this rainstorm season.
Winters are cool with certain ices. Yearly precipitation ranges from around 915 mm (around 36 in) in the north to 102 mm (4 in) in the south. The normal temperature in January is 13° C (55° F), in spite of the fact that around evening time the temperature in some cases brings down to solidifying. Winter months are October to March with a cool and lovely climate.
Best season is October to March.
punjab History culture
PUNJAB HISTORY CULTURE– Historically, Punjab was part of a much larger region now largely in Pakistan. The word itself, “Punjab” is Persian for “five rivers”, an apt description for the five rivers running through the centre of the region. Nowadays, only two of these rivers are in the Indian part of Punjab.
It was home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, one of the world’s oldest city-dwelling civilizations going back some 5,000 years. Punjab saw the Aryan people first in India, who came across the plains from central Asia to live here. Additionally, it saw a lot of contact with Achaemenid Persia and the Greeks led by Alexander, both of whom left strong cultural footprints in the area. In the art of the region, there is a marked shift in styles as Greek sculptural techniques become more prominent.
The Mauryans moved into Punjab not long after the arrival of the Greeks, further disseminating Greek culture but also uniting Punjab with much of India. This constant back-and-forth between the Middle East and India would come to define Punjab’s history. After the Mauryans lost power, it became a Bactrian Greek state, an amalgamation of native and foreign cultures.
Before long, many tribes from Central Asia invaded, such as the nomadic Sakas and Kushanas, both of whom set up their own brief empires. For a time, Hindu rulers dominated in Punjab, but that was to change with the arrival of Islam.
The Arabs wasted no time in spreading from Mecca to Persia, and from the ashes of the Zoroastrian Sassanid empire came the Umayyad Muslims. Islam would change the region forever, a few parts of India came to be as heavily Muslim as Punjab. Repeated invasions by Persian and Afghani raiders destroyed much of the heritage of Punjab; some of them, such as the Ghaznavids, started successful empires in the area.
The first Muslim empire to truly dominate the region, however, was the Delhi Sultanate. Punjab became a base of power for many Muslim rulers. When the Mughals invaded from Afghanistan, it was in Punjab that they first consolidated power. Before long, all of Northern India was under Mughal control, the city of Lahore, now in Pakistan, being a centre of culture and military might.
During the Delhi Sultanate’s and the Mughal Empire’s reigns, the Sikh religion arose in Punjab. Several Sikh prophets fought with the Mughals, and after the collapse of Mughal authority, the Sikhs came to dominate Punjab as the most politically cohesive force of the area. They expelled the erstwhile Afghan rulers, although they would frequently return to harass the area. The Sikhs ruled Punjab until 1849 when the British Raj defeated them during the Anglo-Sikh wars.
After peace was made with the British, Punjab became a nerve centre for British rule in India. Lahore emerged as one of the most important cities on the subcontinent, and many Sikhs joined the national military, where they have had a prominent role ever since. British rule, however, saw some of its greatest excesses in Punjab; in Amritsar, the infamous Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place, where hundreds of Indians were killed by British troops. Tensions with the British were among the highest anywhere, and it was a hotbed of discontent during the Indian Independence Movement.
Independence brought tragedy to Punjab. The partition of India meant many millions of Muslims fled Indian Punjab to Pakistan, and many Hindus and Sikhs left the Pakistan part to India. Millions of people died in the violence that ensued.
Nowadays, most Punjabis in India are Sikh, with a large Hindu minority. Almost all people in the state speak Punjabi, although Hindi and English are widely understood. Punjab has a vibrant and sophisticated culture known throughout the world. Its cuisine is very popular abroad, with dishes such as tandoori chicken having international appeal.
Punjab is a major tourist destination in India for its long history and a multitude of sites, as well as significant religious sites and fascinating culture. Whether foreigner or Indian national, Punjab is a place to visit and explore!
HOW TO REACH
Getting around in Punjab tourism place isn’t troublesome, yet one should know the potential methods for transportation before going to Punjab. Punjab is anything but difficult to reach by street, train, or plane. From New Delhi, Chandigarh, the capital of Punjab, is 246 kilometres. Amritsar, the holiest city for the Sikhs, is 446 kilometres.
By Road –
The whole Punjab State is associated through a broad system of medalled streets. State Highways associate real urban areas to the state capital. NH 1 or the Grand Trunk Road associate the state with the greater part of the north just as east India.
Punjab has around 35,000 kilometres of state and rustic streets. The national parkway is around 1000 kilometres. The streets interface the 12,342 towns and national expressways associate the significant towns. Driving from one end of the state to different takes six hours. Driving from Delhi to Punjab takes four hours.
Practically all significant towns and urban communities have transports going to Chandigarh. Towns have transports heading off to the closest real town. Between the significant urban areas, New Delhi, Patiala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Amritsar, and Chandigarh, there are fancy transport administrations. Also, there is a taxi administration accessible in different towns.
By Train –
Punjab is widely connected to different pieces of the nation by rail. Chandigarh, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Pathankot, and Jalandhar are the significant railroad centers in the state from where one can take trains for most pieces of the nation. Trains go through every real town and urban areas. Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Ferozepur and Jalandhar are on the primary line and have astounding day by day train administrations and medium-term trains to New Delhi. By express trains, heading out from Delhi to Chandigarh takes three hours. Heading out from Delhi to Amritsar by means of Ludhiana takes six hours. Whenever given the chance, endeavour to go via train, the outing is grand and voyaging is generally helpful.
Air routes –
Chandigarh and Amritsar both have aeroplane terminals are associated with different urban areas in India by customary flights. Indian carriers do have customary flights from Chandigarh to Delhi, Lucknow, Leh, and Amritsar. Stream air likewise has standard flights to Chandigarh. Local travel via plane inside all of India is moderately costly. Be that as it may, Chandigarh has incredible air administration, and it is connected with Delhi. Ludhiana and Amritsar additionally have day by day air administration to New Delhi. Besides, Amritsar air terminal is a worldwide aeroplane terminal. Via plane, from Delhi, one can achieve any city in Punjab tourism places inside two hours.