Tribes of Assam:- India is a land of tribes and absolute travel delights. The tribes here are the aborigines who were the natives earlier. They have been living in this land for many years and have taken up the trends of the Caucasoid race. Assam is a state surrounded by the other six states of Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura. This is situated in the middle of these states and is a land that is dotted with hills like Anglong, Karbi and the hills in the North Cachar regions. With the Rivers Barak and Brahmaputra passing through this region, this is a place that is very crucial for the representation of Indian tribes as there are many tribes in this land of ancient culture and tradition.
Tribes Of Assam
These Assamese tribes origin tribes save been recognized as the initial inhabitants of this region. Their origin dates back to the time the Alpines, Dravidians and the Negritos lived here. The Aryan race and the Tibeto Burmese people who used to travel through this region settled down here and together formed the tribal population of Assam.
Assam is largely inhabited by the Tibeto Burmese tribal which is the mainstay of the Bodo tribe and the Mishing tribe which so much are a part of the region. the Chakma, the Garo, the Hajong, Dimasa, the Hmar, Khasi, Khamti, Jaintia, Kuki, Barmans, Lakher, Boro, Deori, Borokochari, Kachari, Lalung, Sonwal, Miri, Mech, Rabha are some of the tribal communities in Assam.
Assam is majorly dominated by the Deori tribe who is one of the main tribal groups of Assam. Settled in the Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, Lakhimpur and Sisagar There are three categories for the Deoris and they are the Borgias, the Tengapanias and the Dibongias.
Karbi tribes also form a major part of the Assamese tribal community. They are found in the hilly regions of this state. lying along the Karbi Anglong district they are also found in the North Cachar Hills, Golaghat, Nagaon, Kamrup, Sonipur, Jorhat, and Lakhimpur. Originally belonging to the western part of China in the hills of the Khasi and Jaintia, they slowly came to Assam. These tribes generally live like villages with one village head and they have their own subdivisions. These tribes are subdivided into the Amri, Ronghon, and Chintong tribes. These are further subdivided into five families called Kur. These five families are Terang, Timung, Enghee, Teron and Ingti.
Deori tribes Karbi tribes
Then you have the Mishing tribes who are also called by the name Miri by the people locally living here. They are considered to have branched out from the Adi tribes from the state of Arunachal Pradesh and they settled in Assam after a series of inter-tribal feuds. These tribes are found in Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, Jorhat, Sibsagar, Darang, Golaghat, North Lakhimpur and Sonaghat. They speak a language that is more like Tibeto Burman. Some of them also speak Assamese. They are thus a bilingual tribal community.
The Dimasa tribes in Assam are another group of the tribal community representing the Patri matrilineal pattern. Found in the district of North Cachar they are also found in the Karbi along with Assamese districts. These tribes speak the Dimasa language and they belong to the Bodo group of the Tibeto Burman language culture.
Mishing tribes Dimasa tribes
The Bodo tribes are supposed to be the earliest Assamese tribes. They are found scattered all over the state of Assam today and found as working in the tea plantation zones. They are the oldest amongst the tribals and have a distinct culture that separates them from the rest.
The Phake tribes of Dibrugarh are another Assamese tribal lot. They are believed to have come here from Thailand sometime in the 18th century. They speak Phake and Assamese language.
Bodo tribes Phake tribes
So the state of Assam with its tribal wealth is surely the unexplored heaven that is waiting for you to experience its charm and beauty with the most fascinating tribe population.