BEST SHORT Trekking in Sikkim
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BEST SHORT Trekking in Sikkim

TREKKING IN SIKKIM:- Trekking in Sikkim has its own charm. Trail runs through rich biodiversity and rich cultural life of Sikkimese people. There are numerous trails, which leads to high mountain areas as close as Kanchendzonga. Goechala Trek, Singalila Trek, Rhodendron Trek, Monastic Trek, Village Trek and Green Lake trek can be opted by any individual for the pleasure of seeing the mountain.

Yuksom situated in the remote and far flung area of Sikkim is the gateway to Kanchendzonga Trekking, the trail widely used by trekkers from all over the world. In the 1640 AD, three monks who came from different parts of Tibet consecrated first King of Sikkim on throne.

Unlike in Nepal, trekking areas in Sikkim are mostly barren and are located in the Kanchendzonga National Park. Preparation of trekking programme mostly begins at Gangtok with lots of planning and logistics support. Proper equipments, such as good high altitude tents and sleeping bags, which can withstand the high wind velocity and freezing temperature, is a must. Beside these most important equipments trekkers need to have good trekking shoes, down feather jacket, caps, gloves and in some cases gaiters to get away from heavy snow on the way.

Trekking

As we trek higher and higher oxygen content in thin air is lesser and lesser. This invites one to get high altitude sickness. Acclimatization is needed between 2500 to 3000 meters, which allows ones red blood cells to increase to negotiate the rough trail ahead. High Altitude Sickness can cause death if it is not prevented in time.

There is no remedy to tackle this sickness but the preventive measure can help one get going without any disturbances. There are many symptoms, which can be easily noticed in ones behavior. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dysentery, dehydration, headache, sleeplessness, decrease of appetite, breathlessness, heaviness and one feel weak to carry forward.

Tenzing Norgay Sherpa the first Everester always emphasized on acclimatizing in the mountain. He said, “After every climb, rest”.

Altitude sickness can be prevented through numerous measures. Slow and gradual ascend, good intake of mostly hot water, soup with strong garlic, corn and other staple food rich in carbohydrates.

The food contents should be in varieties, which provide vitamins. Acclimatizing between 2500 to 3000 meters and later at 4000 meters is a must to prevent sickness if one is trekking up to 5000 meters. Trekking above 5000 meters require acclimatizon in much more with may be two days of rest.

Trekking trails runs through dense forest with an undulating climbs and some time it is very sharp. Some time trekkers require treading on soft snow. 3500 meters above trails begins to run through Rhodendron and Juniper bushes with ample opportunity to view snow clad peaks. Mountain lures, excitement over power senses and the chances of mishap is higher.

Trekking is an adventure activity, which has lots of risks. Trekking trails cross over mountain passes, which are sometime steep and some time slippery. Vagaries of weather suddenly forces entire programme to abandon. Snow blizzard, snowstorm in the high altitude areas injects the snow blindness and the visibility becomes zero and incessant rains in the lower areas prevent the completion of trekking.

There is very high chance of getting equipment and food stock wet. High velocity wind some time adds to the loss of tents and other equipments. Tents are blown away, mast is broken and the chances of heavy snow burring human and the tent is at higher risk. Snow blizzard and snowstorm covers the trail with thick snow and some time trekkers are trapped. In such situation, guide plays a vital role and takes the responsibility to safely evacuate the team.

Trekking is teamwork and not an individual event for any strong man. Guide, cook, porters, yaks and the trekkers looking for good and adventurous holiday has different role to play.

In most cases, guide plays a vital role of taking the responsibility of organizing al most everything right from the start of the trek. His supervision and proper decision in situation is a must. He requires co-operation and coordination from porters, cooks and yak man to negotiate inclement weather.

Cook has to prepare food as per the needs and altitudinal variation and he must also measure the requirements. He is responsible for taking care of the stock. There should not be shortage of food and hygiene should not be compromised. Good cook begins to decrease the use of oily ingredients, salt as the altitude begins to rise, but would improve upon using more of garlic and carbohydrates. This will help in prevention of sickness.

There are numerous routes for trekking in Sikkim, which are at the best during spring and autumn. Spring provides clear Mountain View with varieties of flowering plants in blossom. On the other hand, autumn provides a dry and clear mountain views.

There are many trekking trails in Sikkim, which can be classified.

Religious Trek

Season: March-May/October-December

Schedule: Pemayangtse-Sangacholing-Khecheopalri-Dubdi-Hongri-Sinon-Tashiding-Ralong.

Rhododendron Trek

Season: March-May

Schedule: Naya Bazaar – Hilley/Soreng – Barsey – Dentam – Pemayangtse.

Khangchendzonga Trek

Season: Mid March – Mid June/October – December

Schedule: Yuksom – Bakhim – Tsoka – Dzongri – Thangsing/Bikbari/Kokchorong – Lamuni/Chaurigang – Goechala/Rathong ice sheet and back.

Crowning ceremony Trek

Season: October/December

Schedule: Rumtek – Sang – Yangyang – Ravang – Tashiding-Yuksom

Khedi Trek

Season: October – December

Schedule: Assam Lingzey – Pashing Teng Kha (Base Camp, 1425m) – Chauri Kharka – Do Bato – Khedi – Sela Pass (3150m) – Do Basto – Tal Kharka – Nubang – Passang Teng Kha.

Singalila Trek

Season: Mid May – October

Schedule: Uttarey – Chewabhanjang – Dhor(Wahong) – Sikkim Megu – Dafey Bhir – Gomanthag/Boktok – Tegyapla – Bikbari – Dzongri Tsoka – Yuksom

Kosturi Orar Trek

Season: Mid March – Mid June/October – December

Schedule: Yuksom – Dzongri – Theshyapla – Bikbari – Dzongri – Tsoka – Yuksom

Samartek Trek

Season: Mid March – Mid June/October – December

Schedule: Kodong – Dokshing – Tsen Khong – Lenchok – Samartek – Pakchong – Kungo – Kuling Nae (Cave) Gungramgampo – Singhik Dak Bungalow

Rinchenpong/Soreng Trek

Season: April – June/October – December

Schedule: Kaluk – Rinchenpong Dak cottage – Rigsum Gumpa – Kaluk – Sribadam Jhandi Dara – Soreng

Himalayan Trek

Season: April – June/October – December

Schedule: Namchi (Base camp ) – Tendong – Damthang – Ravangla – Maenam – Bhaley Dhunga – Yangyang – Sinchuthang – Bermoik – Parbing – Namchi

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